Sydney Architecture Images-
Captain Cook’s Landing Place & Macquarie Watchtower
|Captain Cook’s Landing
|Captain Cook Monument at Botany Bay National Park|
|Above- map showing how historical sites straddle the inlet to Botany Bay. At La Perouse (top) is the Macquarie Watchtower. At Kurnell (bottom) is the Cook landing place.|
|Macquarie Watchtower, La Perouse|
|SMH, ca. 1930 (back when it was interesting to read....)|
Kamay Botany Bay National Park
Straddling the two headlands at the entrance to Botany Bay, this national park features a unique combination of natural and cultural heritage.
The park is the site of first contact between the crew of James Cook's Endeavour and the Aboriginal people of Australia in 1770. It's also the place where France's famous explorer Jean François de Galaup, Comte de Lapérouse, arrived within a week of the British First Fleet in 1788.
Beneath the park's gouged sandstone cliffs, there are rich marine environments. Above them, you'll find remnants of the heathland vegetation which Banks and Solander, Cook's botanists, first studied in 1770.
You can explore the Banks-Solander track, with its fascinating insights into the once-widespread vegetation communities that Cook's botanists explored in 1770. Or learn about Australia's Aboriginal history and European Colonisation, told in the Lapérouse Museum and the Visitor Centre. Enjoy the Cape Baily Coast Walk, with its windswept heaths, historic sites and spectacular coastal views.
On 20th September 2004, the Kurnell Peninsula Headland was included in the National Heritage List.
Botany Bay National Park - La Perouse
Botany Bay National Park is a national park in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia located approximately 16 km south east of the Sydney central business district, on the northern and southern headlands of Botany Bay. The northern headland is at La Perouse and the southern headland is at Kurnell.
A number of memorials, commemorating Australia's history are located at the entrance to the Kurnell Peninsula portion of the Botany Bay National Park. This area has a coast walk connecting the memorials, and is near the information centre and a museum.
The Kurnell Peninsula portion includes much of the eastern half of the promontory, adjacent to the Caltex Oil Refinery. The area is bordered by sandstone cliffs, eroded to a few metres above sea level in the north and higher in the south. The highest point is about a hundred metres above sea level and there are two mapped lookouts, Kurnell Lookout, and Houston Lookout. Hills of dry sclerophyll bushland include Botany Cone, 55 m, and Long Nose, 101 m. There are many small points and cliff formations and several walking tracks. The carpark and lookout at the end of the Yena Track is popular for whale watching in the migration season.
Botany Bay National Park conserves an amazing array of native plants and birds and boasts magnificent coastline views, bushwalks, beaches, picnic areas and historic buildings, forts and monuments. Visit the park, La Perouse Museum and Bare Island.
Less than an hour drive from Sydney's centre, the park invites the visitor to find out more about their historic past at sites on both the north and south headlands of Botany Bay. Beneath the park's gouged sandstone cliffs, there are rich marine environments. Above them, you'll find remnants of the heathland vegetation which Banks and Solander, Cook's botanists, first studied in 1770.
Captain Cook's landing.
Before the end of April 1770, the English bark (also spelled "barque") Endeavour anchored at a bay in terra australis, the Great Southern Land, and Captain James Cook and his crew came ashore.
Later, in a voyage father north as he mapped the coast, he was to claim the continent for England, calling it New South Wales.
The date of Captain Cook's landing is recorded as having occurred on April 29, 1770. The plaque on the Captain Cook monument at Botany Bay National Park has April 28, 1770, as the date of this landing. This difference in dates may be due to the use of nautical, as opposed to civil, dates at the time of Captain Cook's voyage.
La Perouse Museum
Discover the story of the ill-fated explorer the Comte de Laperouse who landed at Botany Bay in 1788 just six days after the First Fleet! Learn of their encounter with the British and local Aboriginal people. View maps, early navigation instruments and relics salvaged from shipwrecks. New exhibits are created frequently.
Laperouse Museum is open Wednesday to Sunday 10.am - 4pm. Guided tours of Bare Island available Sundays 1.30pm and 2.30pm.
Botany Bay National Park - La Perouse
La Perouse, NSW 2036
Telephone: 02 - 9247 5033
Fax: 02 - 9241 3303
Macquarie Watchtower, La Perouse
Macquarie Watchtower at La Perouse, 1955.
It was originally thought that the Watchtower at La Perouse was built at the end of Governor Macquarie's term. Further research has shown that it was built earlier during Governor King's tenure around 1810 probably as part of his strategy to combat the rum trade. The original design allowed room to house a Corporal and two or three privates. The soldiers who manned it directed and reported on shipping entering Botany Bay.
Between 1831 and 1904 it was used as a Customs Station and David Goodsir was the first civil coastguard. In 1868 the Botany Heads Public School was established in the building. The students were the children of local market gardeners, fishermen, Customs employees and local aborigines. In 1873 the Customs Officer built an additional room to the Watchtower for use as a schoolroom. The school continued until 1910 when a new public school was built at Phillip Bay.
In the 1950s a fire damaged the tower and the La Perouse Kurnell Trust rebuilt it. Today it is the oldest structure standing on the shores of Botany Bay.