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Federation Carpenter Gothic c. 1890—c. 1915

Located close to the notional line of demarcation between contrived styles and vernacular architecture, Federation Carpenter Gothic flows on virtually unchanged from VICTORIAN CARPENTER GOTHIC. As with its precursor, the use of Federation Carpenter Gothic was confined to churches of modest size for which economy of cost and simplicity of construction were important without loss of an appropriately religious image. It is, as the name suggests, an idiom that made great use of timber, demonstrating how the tradesman used, connected, expressed and embellished the various timber components of the building. The embellishment usually drew on shapes and patterns reminiscent of the contrived VICTORIAN ACADEMIC GOTHIC, VICTORIAN FREE GOTHIC and FEDERATION GOTHIC
Perhaps the archetypal Carpenter Gothic building is a small, box-like church with a steeply pitched gabled roof of corrugated iron, standing in isolation on the outskirts of a country town. In northern regions, the stud framing of the walls, complete with bracing and noggings, might be exposed on the exterior of the building, the boarded lining being fixed to the inside face of the frame. In more temperate climates, external lining always conceals the stud framing. Apart from a minuscule tower or belfry, the only non-functional decoration is found in gable embellishments such as delicately and elaborately scalloped and pierced barge-boards.
Quite often such buildings effortlessly achieved a genuinely architectural quality not attained by more pretentious structures.
  Quoted from:
"A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Australian Architecture; Styles and Terms from 1788 to the Present"
Angus & Robertson Sydney 1995 ISBN 0207 18562 X
Copyright © 1989 by Richard Apperly, Robert Irving and Peter Reynolds.